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Lesson 8

Chart 1

The Birth of the Church

                                                                                                     

Acts 1:5

5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.

The Birth of the Church

1. The Promise of the Holy Ghost - Just prior to His ascension, Jesus told His disciples not to begin their ministry yet but to wait in the city of Jerusalem, until they were endued with power from on high. Without the baptism of the Holy Ghost, the Great Commission would have been a hopeless task to fulfill.

  

The preaching of the gospel was to be done, in the power and the inspiration of the Spirit. In Acts 1:8 Jesus promised the disciples power. The Holy Ghost was the power that would extend the influence of the disciples' ministry to the uttermost parts of the earth.

Acts 1:8

8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

It was to begin at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost.

 

2. The Upper Room - There were about one hundred and twenty of Jesus' disciples who gathered in the upper room in Jerusalem. Among them were Mary the mother of Jesus (Acts 1:14),

Acts 1:14

14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren.

 

His brothers, and the twelve apostles. For approximately seven to ten days they remained there in constant prayer and supplication. Then the Jewish feast day of Pentecost arrived. The disciples were all with one accord in their worship and prayer. Acts 2:1-4 records the details of this first glorious outpouring of the Holy Ghost. The place where they were sitting was overwhelmed by the sound of a rushing mighty wind that came from heaven.

Acts 2:3 records another supernatural event immediately following the wind. Cloven tongues like flames of fire appeared and sat upon each of them.

 

Acts 2:3

3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.

 

Of the many wonderful things that were taking place in the upper room, the greatest miracle was the one recorded in verse four. They were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak with other tongues (languages) as the Spirit gave them utterance. When they were all filled with the Spirit, the initial sign of the Baptism of the Holy Ghost was given. The disciples began to speak with other tongues, and glorify God in languages they had never learned.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 2

Peter Preaches Christ/God's Plan For Us

                                                                                                    

Acts 2:41

41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

II. Peter Preaches Christ/God's Plan For Us

1.The Day of Pentecost - The feast of Pentecost was a holy day in Israel, fifty days after the Passover. Jews from all over the world were gathered at Jerusalem. The news spread through the city of the events that had taken place in the upper room. A great multitude gathered to see what was happening.

  

The disciples were still rejoicing and speaking in tongues under the intoxicating influence of the Spirit. Jesus had promised the disciples in John 16:22-24, that the day would soon come when their hearts would be filled with a joy that no man could take from them. The Baptism of the Holy Ghost was the fulfilling of that promise.

John 16:22-24

22 And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.

 

23 And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

 

24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full.

 

The Apostle Peter later described it as "joy unspeakable and full of Glory" (I Peter 1:8). As the disciples continued to rejoice, suddenly amazement rippled through the crowd like a wave. The multitude of Jews began to hear the disciples praising God in their own native languages. They knew the disciples had no way of knowing these languages on their own. Some reacted by asking the question, "What meaneth this?" Others dismissed the whole event by accusing the disciples of being drunk.

 

2. Peter Preaches - Peter heard their false accusations of drunkenness and immediately stood up in the disciples defense. It was not the same fearful Peter who had cowardly denied his Lord as Jesus was being led to His crucifixion.

 

It was a strong Simon Peter who stood and addressed the crowd that was gathered to see this marvelous event. It was a Peter who had been given "power from on high" through the Baptism of the Holy Ghost. It was the Peter that Jesus foresaw when He declared unto him, that He would give Peter the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Peter was now ready to use those keys. First he was to preach to them about the same precious Lord whom he had denied. This time his words were not words of defeat and cowardly denial, but words that rang forth with victory.

 

3. Peter Preaches with Power - He preached with power that only the anointing of the Holy Spirit can give. The other eleven apostles stood with Peter in full agreement as he preached the very first sermon of the newborn church of Jesus Christ. His message was: "Ye men of Judea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: for these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day" (Acts 2:14-15).

 

a.) Fulfillment of Joel's Prophecy - Peter declared that the outpouring of the Holy Ghost was the fulfillment of Joel's wonderful prophecy, that in the last days God would pour out of His Spirit upon all flesh (Joel 2:28).

Joel 2:28

28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

  

A worldwide outpouring of the Holy Ghost, with the accompanying initial sign of speaking in other tongues, would be God's blessing upon humanity throughout the church age. He preached to them the death, burial and resurrection of Christ, and told them that their own wicked hands were guilty of His death on Calvary.

 

b.) The Exalted Christ - Peter climaxed his sermon by declaring that God had made that same Jesus, whom they had crucified, both Lord and Christ. Conviction gripped the hearts of the people as Peter preached his inspired sermon. In desperation and heartfelt sincerity, they cried out to Peter and to the rest of the Apostles, "Men and brethren, what shall we do?" (Acts 2:37).

 

4. God's Plan of Salvation - An honest question deserves an honest answer. This is especially true when man's destiny in eternity is at stake. They asked, "What shall we do?" This was an all important question. They wanted to know how they could be saved. The responsibility rested squarely on Peter's shoulders to deliver to the multitude the proper New Testament plan for salvation. Peter had been given the keys to the kingdom. For the first time he was about to use those keys to unlock the door of salvation to those present. Without hesitation and with the full support of the other apostles, Peter's voice boomed forth the answer to the thousands of hungry listeners before him. "Then Peter said unto them, repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost" (Acts 2:38).

 

How beautiful! By simply obeying God's command to repent of their sins, and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, they were promised the same glorious baptism of the Holy Ghost that the one hundred and twenty had received that same day.

 

In the next verse Peter extended the promise of the Holy Ghost to all believers throughout the church age, until Jesus comes again.

"For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call" (Acts 2:39).

 

Peter spoke many other words, exhorting the crowd to save themselves without delay. By the time Peter was finished, the Word of God had done its work. Three thousand souls presented themselves for baptism in Jesus Name. We know that God fulfilled His promise and baptized them all with the Holy Ghost. The mighty blessings of God were falling in Jerusalem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 3

Repentance

                                                                                                          

John the Baptist taught repentance

Matt 3:2

2 And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

 

Mark 1:4

4 John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.

 

Jesus taught repentance

Luke 13:3

3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.

 

Luke 24:47

47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

 

Peter taught repentance

Acts 2:38

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

III. Repentance

Repentance was the first of the three steps in God's plan for salvation, delivered on the day of Pentecost. It is defined: Repentance—To experience godly sorrow and conviction for past sins, and resolutely to turn from them. Repentance is the act of turning away from a life of sin. The Scriptures stress in the strongest terms, that repentance is absolutely essential to salvation.

 

1. Sodom and Gomorrah - (Genesis 19)—Failed to repent. Because of this, these cities were destroyed by fire and brimstone.

  

2. Jonah - (Matthew 12:41)—The men of Ninevah repented at the preaching of Jonah. Jesus said this fact would condemn those who refused to repent in our generation.

Matt 12:41

41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

 

3. John the Baptist - Commanded in his ministry to all of Judea that they must repent, and prepare their hearts for the kingdom of heaven.

 

4. Jesus Christ - (Luke 13:3)—Spoke often in these terms, "I tell you, nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish."

 

5. The Great Commission - (Luke 24:47)—The last words of Jesus before His ascension commanded repentance.

Luke 24:47

47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

 

6. The Day of Pentecost - (Acts 2:38)—Repentance is the initial part of the plan of salvation as spoken by the Apostle Peter.

Acts 2:38

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 4

Buried With Him In Baptism

                                                                                                     

IV. Buried With Him In Baptism

The next thing Peter commanded them to do was to be baptized.

1.    How - There is only one Scriptural method of baptism prescribed by the Word of God. This is by immersion. The word baptism is derived from the Greek word, baptizo, which means to dip, to plunge, to immerse. The reason that it is so important to immerse the candidate for water baptism is simple. Repentance in the Bible is symbolic of death—death to the sins and ungodliness of life before meeting Jesus Christ. Spiritually speaking, when a man comes to an altar of repentance, he is actually coming to the cross of Calvary. Old carnal natures are crucified with Christ. After death (to sins) it is a "must" to be buried.

This is why Romans 6:4 says, "we are buried with him by baptism into death." In repentance Jesus is followed to Calvary. In baptism He is followed to the grave and "we are buried with Him." But how is a person buried? Is he sprinkled with a few handfuls of dirt at burial? Of course not! This would not constitute proper burial. "Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved" (Acts 4:12).

Jesus commanded the apostles in Matthew 28:19 to baptize in the "Name (singular) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are not proper names, but are titles of God.

He is the Father in creation.

He is the Son in redemption.

He is the Holy Ghost dwelling within the believer.

But these are only titles. The apostles understood when they were given the Great Commission, (Matthew 28:19) that they were to baptize in the one singular name, that is of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, and that name is Jesus!

The Name of the Father is Jesus—John 5:43.

John 5:43

43 I am come in my Father's name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.

 

The Name of the Son is Jesus—Matthew 1:21.

Matt 1:21

21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

  

The Name of the Holy Ghost is Jesus—John 14:26.

John 14:26

26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

 

Jesus had opened the disciples understanding to this great truth of the Name of Jesus in Luke 24:45-47.

Luke 24:45-47

45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,

 

46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:

 

47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

 

This is precisely the reason why the apostles always, in every place in the Scripture, obeyed Matthew 28:19 by baptizing in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins (Acts 2:38; Acts 8:16; Acts 10:48; Acts 19:5).

Acts 2:38

38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

 

Acts 8:16

16(For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.)

Acts 10:48-11:1

48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.

 

Acts 19:5

5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 5

Have You Received the Holy Ghost?

                                                                

 

V. Have You Received the Holy Ghost?

The third step in the plan of salvation, given to us in Acts 2:38 is to "receive the gift of the Holy Ghost."

 

1. Jesus Spoke of It - Jesus foretold this glorious experience in John 3:5 when he said, "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." This verse alone establishes the absolute necessity of the baptism of the Holy Ghost.

 

 2. Paul Preached It - The fact that it is essential to receive the wonderful gift of the Holy Ghost is further emphasized by the words of the Apostle Paul: "Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his" (Romans 8:9). It is a beautiful privilege, purchased for man by the blood of Jesus Christ. It is the greatest experience ever given to mankind by the Lord. Christ actually comes and takes up His abode in a human body (temple). That body becomes the very temple of the Almighty God.

 

2.    Peter Told of It - The Apostle Peter spoke in Acts 2:38 about the Holy Ghost experience. He describes his feeling when the creator dwells within his creation through the baptism of the Holy Ghost. He says it is "joy unspeakable and full of glory." Paul describes it as "righteousness, peace, and joy" (Romans 14:17).

Rom 14:17

17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

 

 But greatest of all is the knowledge that the baptism of the Holy Ghost is promised to all who obey His command to repent, and are baptized in the glorious name of Jesus Christ. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 6

The Evidence of the Holy Ghost

                                                                                                       

Acts 11:14-17

14 Who shall tell thee words, whereby thou and all thy house shall be saved.

15 And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning.

16 Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.

17 Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?

 

VI. The Evidence of the Holy Ghost

Acts 2:1-4 records the initial outpouring of the Holy Ghost, when in the upper room they spoke with other tongues.

Acts 2:1-4

1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.

 

2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

 

3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.

 

4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

 

Do all speak with tongues when they receive the Holy Ghost? This is a legitimate question and one that deserves sincere and honest consideration. In considering the necessity of speaking with other tongues the Bible is our sole source of information. Who spoke with tongues in the Scriptures?

 

 

1. Everyone in Upper Room Filled - Acts 2:4 records that they were "all" filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance on the day of Pentecost. None were excluded! All one hundred and twenty spoke with tongues as God gloriously filled them with His Spirit.

Among the one hundred and twenty were Mary, the mother of Jesus, Jesus' brothers, and all of the remaining apostles.

 

2. Samaritans Receive Holy Ghost - Acts 8:13-17—The Samaritans were given the same experience and something happened so they could outwardly tell when people received the Holy Ghost. Even Simon the Sorcerer knew they had received a heavenly gift.

Acts 8:13-17

13 Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.

 

14 Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John:

 

15 Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost:

 

16(For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.)

 

17 Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost.

 

3. Gentiles - Acts 10:44-48—The Holy Ghost falls on Cornelius and other Gentiles and they spoke with other tongues.

Acts 10:44-48

 

44 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word.

 

45 And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.

 

46 For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter,

 

47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?

 

48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.

 

 

4. Disciples of John the Baptist - In Acts 19:1-6, a group of John the Baptist's disciples are rebaptized in Jesus name by the Apostle Paul, and are filled with the Holy Ghost, evidenced by speaking with tongues. The accompanying sign of speaking with tongues is either stated or strongly implied everytime the Holy Ghost is outpoured in the book of Acts. 

 

 

 

Acts 19:1-6

1 And it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,

 

2 He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.

 

3 And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism.

 

4 Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.

 

5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

 

6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesson 8

Chart 7

The Power of the Holy Ghost

 

VII. The Power of the Holy Ghost

1. The Spirit Gives Immortality at Christ's Return - The baptism of the Holy Ghost is the very power that resurrected Jesus Christ from the dead. This fact alone demonstrates that it is essential that we be baptized with His spirit. Without the Spirit of Christ dwelling within, there would be nothing to raise us up to meet the Lord when He returns the second time. This is why Paul said in Romans 8:11, "But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." See also Romans 8:9 and I Corinthians 15:51-53.

 

Rom 8:9

9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

 

1 Cor 15:51-53

51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

 

52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

 

53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

 

2. The Spirit Gives Power - The baptism of the Holy Ghost gives the believer tremendous power to witness for the Lord. Without the Holy Ghost, the early disciples would have been powerless to save the hostile world of their day. But through the power of God within them they were able to conquer even the mighty Roman Empire with the good news of Calvary. This same power is available if men will only have faith to reach out and claim it. Jesus said in Acts 1:8, "Ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost shall come upon you. . ."

 

3. The Spirit Teaches - The Bible is not merely a product of man's mind and ability, "but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost" (II Peter 1:21). Since it required the inspiration of the Spirit for the writing of the Scriptures, it also requires the inspiration of the Holy Ghost to understand God's Word.

Jesus promised the Spirit would "teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you" (John 14:26).

John 14:26

26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

 

4. The Spirit Shows Things to Come (John 16:13) - The Lord gives an understanding of His prophetic Word to those who walk with Him. He also gives understanding of the direction His church, and the world are taking in the end time. See I Thessalonians 5:4.

John 16:13

13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

 

1 Thess 5:4

4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.

 

5. The Spirit Gives Righteousness, Peace and Joy Romans 14:17

Rom 14:17

17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

The Apostle Paul's adjectives are self-explanatory. The Holy Ghost gives power not only to live a holy, clean life, but also the accompanying joy and peace that only the infilling of the Spirit of Christ can give. It is,"Joy unspeakable and full of glory"

 I Peter 1:8.

 

6. The Spirit Imparts the Love of God - Romans 5:5 says, "The love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us." The gift of the Holy Ghost is a baptism of the love of God. A boundless love that proceeds from God himself, fills our souls, and then overflows from our lives like a mighty rushing river. It is a love that cries earnestly to every thirsty heart, "Let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely" (Revelation 22:17). 

 

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